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When Ashcroft fails a test, you will see that the recommended so= lution often involves a refactoring towards dependency injection. Fine, tha= t (with the aid of Mock Objects will= allow you to test your class in isolation. But what about integration test= s? Or even the whole application? How do you assemble the real classes (including these low level ones) that actually do access files, sockets, threads and graphics environments?=20
There are several ways. You can do it manually in some bootstrap class, = or you can use PicoContainer/NanoContainer or some other DI framework such = as Spring or HiveMind. It's up to you. These frameworks will make that asse= mbly easy, as long as your classes honour DI.