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Adding or overriding properties

Adding properties

Properties can be added in a couple of ways. Firstly you can use the instance method syntax seen previously:

Code Block
class Book {
  String title
Book.metaClass.getAuthor << {-> "Stephen King" }

def b = new Book("The Stand")

assert "Stephen King" ==

In this case the property is dictated by the closure and is a read-only property. You can add the equivalent setter but then remember you will have to store the property somewhere for retrieval later so make sure you use thread safe code. For example you could store values in a synchronized Map using the object identity as the key:

Code Block
def properties = Collections.synchronizedMap([:])

Book.metaClass.setAuthor = { String value ->
   properties[System.identityHashCode(delegate) + "author"] = value
Book.metaClass.getAuthor = {->
   properties[System.identityHashCode(delegate) + "author"]

This is not the only technique however. For example in a servlet container you may store the values in the currently executing request as request attributes (as is done in some cases in Grails).

Alternatively you can simply assign a value as follows:

Code Block = "Stephen King"
def b = new Book("The Stand")

assert "Stephen King" ==

In this case the property is mutable and has both a setter and getter.


However, using this technique the property is stored in a ThreadLocal, WeakHashMap so don't expect the value to stick around forever!