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If you're having problems when upgrading from an older version of Surefire to a newer version, try setting useSystemClassLoader=false to see if that helps. You can do that with the POM snippet below, or by setting "-Dsurefire.useSystemClassLoader=false".

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Debugging Classpath Problems


  • Run mvn with --debug (aka -X) to get more detailed output
  • Check your forkMode. If forkMode=never, it's impossible to use the system classloader; we have to use an isolated classloader.
  • If useSystemClassLoader=true, look at the surefire booter jar. Open it up (it's just a zip) and read its manifest.
  • Run mvn with -Dmaven.surefire.debug, and attach to the running process with a debugger.