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Introduction

Although using container in unit test is categorized as an anti-pattern (http://www.picocontainer.org/tests-use-container-antipattern.html), it is interesting to use pico to bootstrap your test.

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To lighten the container management in the test, a junit custom runner has been created which initialize the container and inject dependencies in the test class.

Usage of PicoRunner

PicoRunner is a simple junit custom runner which allows nice integration of picoContainer in Junit.

To get the full code of PicoRunner with examples, you can check IzPack sources.

Principle

Basically, in your test class, you define a container (implementing BindeableContainer) to use with the @Container annotation.

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Code Block
@Override
protected Object createTest() throws Exception    {
  Class<? extends BindeableContainer> containerClass =
    getTestClass().getJavaClass().getAnnotation(Container.class).value();
  BindeableContainer installerContainer = getContainerInstance(containerClass);
  installerContainer.initBindings();
  installerContainer.addComponent(klass);
  Object component = installerContainer.getComponent(klass);
  return component;
}

Examples

Simple test

The first step is to create your container for test purpose.

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Code Block
@RunWith(PicoRunner.class)
@Container(StupidTestContainer.class)
public class StupidTest
{

    private List mockedList;

    public StupidTest(Properties property, List list)
    {
       this.mockedList = list;
    }

    @Test
    public void testList() throws Exception
    {
       //using mock list
       mockedList.add("one");
       mockedList.clear();

       //verification
       verify(mockedList).add("one");
       verify(mockedList).clear();
    }
}

Panel display tests

The following examples are taken from the izpack-test-panel module which contains small and fast GUI tests

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