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The Expando is not a collection in the strictest sense, but in some ways it is similar to a Map, or objects in JavaScript that do not have to have their properties defined in advance. It allows you to create dynamic objects by making use of Groovy's closure mechanisms. An Expando is different from a map in that you can provide synthetic methods that you can call on the object.

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The player.greeting assignment passes in a closure to execute when greeting() is called on the Expando. Notice that the closure has access to the properties assigned to the Expando, even though these values may change over time, using Groovy's GString "$variableOrProperty" notation.