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The Iterator Pattern allows sequential access to the elements of an aggregate object without exposing its underlying representation.

Groovy has the iterator pattern built right in to many of its closure operators, e.g. each and eachWithIndex as well as the for .. in loop.

For example:

Results in the output:

1
2
3
4
May=31
Mar=31
Apr=30
java.awt.Color[r=0,g=0,b=0]
java.awt.Color[r=255,g=255,b=255]

Another example:

Results in:

Position 0 contains 'java.awt.Color[r=0,g=0,b=0]'
Position 1 contains 'java.awt.Color[r=255,g=255,b=255]'

The iterator pattern is also built in to other special operators such as the eachByte, eachFile, eachDir, eachLine, eachObject, eachMatch operators for working with streams, URLs, files, directories and regular expressions matches.

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