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Template framework

The template framework in Groovy consists of a TemplateEngine abstract base class that engines must implement and a Template interface that the resulting templates they generate must implement.

Included with Groovy is the SimpleTemplateEngine that allows you to use JSP-like scriptlets (see example below), script, and EL expressions in your template in order to generate parametrized text. Here is an example of using the system:


Though its possible to plug in any kind of template engine dialect, we can share the same API to invoke templates. e.g. we could create a Velocity / FreeMarker flavour TemplateEngine implemenation which could reuse GPath and auto-recompile to bytecode.

Using TemplateServlet to serve single JSP-like HTML files

Mind the gap! Ehm, meaning the difference between Groovlets and Templates.

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The

Error rendering macro 'link' : Link needs a name and a URL as arguments.
just works the opposite as the Groovlets(
Error rendering macro 'link' : Link needs a name and a URL as arguments.
) does. Here, your source is HTML (or any other, fancy template files) and the template framework will generate a Groovy script on-the-fly. This script could be saved to a .groovy file and served by the GroovyServlet (and the GroovyScriptEngine), but after generation, the template is evaluated and responded to the client.


Here is a simple example helloworld.html file which is not validating and does not have a head element. But it demonstrates, how to let Groovy compile and serve your HTML files to web clients. The tag syntax close to JSP and should be easy to read:


The first Groovy block - a for loop - spans the HelloWorld! text. Guess what happens? And the second Groovy statement prints the servlet's session id - if there is a session avaiable. The variable session is one of some default bound keys. More details reveals the documentation of

Error rendering macro 'link' : Link needs a name and a URL as arguments.
.

Here is some sample code using http://jetty.mortbay.orgs servlet container. With jetty6.0, copy jetty-6.1.3.jar and jetty-util-6.1.3.jar into $HOME/.groovy/lib,  create a tiny web server with the following. To test it, add your above helloworld.html file into your current directory and browse http://localhost:1234/helloworld.html



Here is a similiar web.xml example.





Further reading

Article on templating with Groovy templates by Andrew Glover
Article on templating with Groovlets and TemplateServlets by Andrew Glover

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