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BNF

The BNF is reproduced bellow to indicate the extensions made, which are highlighted in bold characters. The original BNF was extended thinking in SQL where expression. Moreover, we found some errors in the specification and made some corrections, that will help to use and analysis the CQL language.

<SQL terminal character> ::= <SQL language character>
<SQL language character> ::= <simple Latin letter>
| <digit>
| <SQL special character>
<simple Latin letter> ::= <simple Latin upper case letter>
                           | <simple Latin lower case letter>
<simple Latin upper case letter> ::=
       A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O
       | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z
<simple Latin lower case letter> ::=
       a | b | c | d | e | f | g | h | i | j | k | l | m | n | o
       | p | q | r | s | t | u | v | w | x | y | z
<digit> ::=
       0 | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9
<SQL special character> ::= <space>
                           | <double quote>
                           | <percent>
                           | <ampersand>
                           | <quote>
                           | <left paren>
                           | <right paren>
                           | <asterisk>
                           | <plus sign>
                           | <comma>
                           | <minus sign>
                           | <period>
                           | <solidus>
                           | <colon>
                           | <semicolon>
                           | <less than operator>
                           | <equals operator>
                           | <greater than operator>
                           | <question mark>
                           | <left bracket>
                           | <right bracket>
                           | <circumflex>
                           | <underscore>
                           | <vertical bar>
                           | <left brace>
                           | <right brace>
<space> ::= /*space character in character set in use
              In ASCII it would be 40*/
<double quote> ::= "
<percent> ::= %
<ampersand> ::= &
<quote> ::= '
<left paren> ::= (
<right paren> ::= )
<asterisk> ::= *
<plus sign> ::= +
<comma> ::= ,
<minus sign> ::= -
<period> ::= .
<solidus> ::= /
<colon> ::= :
<semicolon> ::= ;
<less than operator> ::= <
<equals operator> ::= =
<greater than operator> ::= >
<question mark> ::= ?
<left bracket> ::= [
<right bracket> ::= ]
<circumflex> ::= ^
<underscore> ::= _
<vertical bar> ::= |
<left brace> ::={
<right brace> ::=}
<separator> ::= { <comment> | <space> | <newline> }...
/* The next section of the BNF defines the tokens available to the
   language. I have deleted the concepts of bit string, hex string and
   national character string literal. Keywords have been added to support the
   geo literals. */
<token> ::= <nondelimiter token>
            | <delimiter token>
<nondelimiter token> ::= <regular identifier>
                        | <key word>
                        | <unsigned numeric literal>
<regular identifier> ::= <identifier body>
<identifier body> ::=
<identifier start> [ { <underscore> | <identifier part> }... ]
<identifier start> ::= <simple latin letter>
<identifier part> ::= <identifier start>
                     | <digit>
<key word> ::= <reserved word>
<reserved word> ::= AND | POINT | LINESTRING | POLYGON | MULTIPOINT
                   | MULTILINESTRING | MULTIPOLYGON | EMPTY | DATE
                   | TIME | TIMESTAMP | FALSE| TRUE | UNKNOWN | LIKE
                   | MINUTE | MONTH | NOT | NULL
<unsigned numeric literal> ::= <exact numeric literal>
                              | <approximate numeric literal>
<exact numeric literal> ::=
                <unsigned integer> [<period>[<unsigned integer> ] ]
                | <period> <unsigned integer>
<unsigned integer> ::= <digit>...
<approximate numeric literal> ::= <mantissa> E <exponent>
<mantissa> ::= <exact numeric literal>
<exponent> ::= <signed integer>
<signed integer> ::= [ <sign> ] <unsigned integer>
<sign> ::= <plus sign> | <minus sign>
<character string literal> ::=
      <quote> [ <character representation>... ] <quote>
<character representation> ::= <nonquote character> | <quote symbol>
<quote symbol> ::= <quote><quote>
/*End of non delimiter tokens*/
/* I have limited the delimiter tokens by eliminating, interval strings
and delimited identifiers BNF and simplifying the legal character set to
the characters to a single set so no identification of character set would
be needed decision. */
<delimiter token> ::= <character string literal>
                     | <SQL special character>
                     | <not equals operator>
                     | <greater than or equals operator>
                     | <less than or equals operator>
                     | <concatenation operator>
                     | <double greater than operator>
                     | <right arrow>
                     | <left bracket>
                     | <right bracket>
<character string literal> ::=
                <quote> [ <character representation>... ] <quote>
<character representation> ::= <nonquote character> | <quote symbol>
<quote symbol> ::= <quote><quote>
<not equals operator> ::= <>
<greater than or equals operator> ::= >=
<less than or equals operator> ::= <=

/*The following section is intended to give context for identifier and
namespaces. It assumes that the default namespace is specified in the
query request and does not allow any overrides of the namepace */
<identifier> ::=
<identifier start [ { <colon> | <identifier part> }... ]
<identifier start> ::= <simple Latin letter>
<identifier part> ::= <simple Latin letter> | <digit>
<attribute name> ::= <simple attribute name> | <compound attribute name>
<simple attribute name> ::= <identifier>
<compound attribute name> ::= <identifier><period>
                              [{<identifier><period>}...]
                              <simple attribute name>


/*The rest of the BNF is the real BNF for the query capabilities.*/
<sequence of search conditions> ::= [1]
 			<search condition>
 		|	<sequence of search conditions> <semicolon> <search condition>


<search condition> ::= <boolean value expression>

<boolean value expression> ::=
    <boolean term>
    | <boolean value expression> OR <boolean term>

<boolean term> ::=
    <boolean factor>
    | <boolean term> AND <boolean factor>

<boolean factor> ::= [ NOT ] <boolean primary>

<boolean primary> ::=
    <predicate>
    |<routine invocation>
    | <routine invocation>
    | <left paren> <search condition> <right paren>

<predicate> ::=
    <comparison predicate>
    | <text predicate>
    | <null predicate>
    | <temporal predicate>
    | <classification predicate> [1]
    | <existence_predicate>
    | <between predicate>

<temporal predicate> ::=
    <attribute_name> BEFORE <date-time expression>
    | <attribute_name> BEFORE OR DURING <period>
    | <attribute_name> DURING <period>
    | <attribute_name> DURING OR AFTER <period>
    | <attribute_name> AFTER <date-time expression>

<date-time expression ::= <date-time> | <period>

<existence_predicate> :=
    <attribute_name> EXISTS
    | <attribute_name> DOES-NOT-EXIST

<comparison predicate> ::=
    <attribute name> <comp op> <literal>
    | <attribute name> <comp op> <expression>

<text predicate> ::= <attribute name> [ NOT ] LIKE <character pattern>

<null predicate> ::= <attribute name> IS [ NOT ] NULL

<between predicate> ::= <attribute name> [ NOT ] BETWEEN <literal> AND < literal > [1]

<character pattern> ::= <character string literal>

(* pattern examples :
        attribute like '%contains_this%'
        attribute like 'begins_with_this%'
        attribute like '%ends_with_this'
        attribute like 'd_ve' will match 'dave' or 'dove'
        attribute not like '%will_not_contain_this%'
        attribute not like 'will_not_begin_with_this%'
        attribute not like '%will_not_end_with_this' *)

<comp op> ::= <equals operator>
    | <not equals operator>
    | <less than operator>
    | <greater than operator>
    | <less than or equals operator>
    | <greater than or equals operator>


<expression> ::= <term> { <addition operator>  <term> }
<addition operator>::= <plus sign> | <minus sign>

<term> ::=  <factor> { <multiplication operator> <factor> }
<multiplication operator> ::= <asterisk> | <solidus>

<factor> ::=
	  <function>
	| <literal>
	| <attribute>
	| ( <expression> )
	| [ <expression> ]

<literal> ::= <signed numeric literal>| <general literal>

<signed numeric literal> ::= [ <sign> ] <unsigned numeric literal>

<general literal> ::=
    <character string literal>
    | <datetime literal>
    | <boolean literal>
    | <geography literal

<boolean literal> ::= TRUE | FALSE | UNKNOWN

<routine invocation> ::=
     <geoop name><georoutine argument list>
    | <relgeoop name><relgeoop argument list>
    | <routine name><argument list>    | BBOX <bbox argument list>

<routine name> ::= < attribute name>

<geoop name> ::=   EQUAL | DISJOINT | INTERSECT | TOUCH | CROSS | WITHIN | CONTAINS |OVERLAP | RELATE [2]

<bbox argument list>::= "(" <attribute> ","<min X> ","<min Y> ","<max X> ","<max Y>["," <crs>] ")"  [1]

<min X> ::= <signed numerical literal>
<min Y> ::= <signed numerical literal>
<max X> ::= <signed numerical literal>
<max Y> ::= <signed numerical literal>
<crs> ::=  ... (* default: EPSG:4326. *)

<relgeoop name> ::= DWITHIN | BEYOND

<argument list> ::= <left paren> [ <positional arguments> ] <right paren>

<positional arguments> ::= <argument> [ \{ <comma> <argument> \} ...]

<argument> ::= <literal> | <attribute name>

<georoutine argument list> ::=  <left paren><attribute name><comma><geometry literal><right paren>

<relgeoop argument list> ::= <left paren><attribute name><comma><geometry literal><comma><tolerance><right paren>

<tolerance> ::=<unsigned numeric literal><comma><distance units>

<distance units> ::= = "feet" | "meters" | "statute miles" | "nautical miles" | "kilometers"

<geometry literal> :=
    <Point Tagged Text>
    | <LineString Tagged Text>
    | <Polygon Tagged Text>
    | <MultiPoint Tagged Text>
    | <MultiLineString Tagged Text>
    | <MultiPolygon Tagged Text>
    | <GeometryCollection Tagged Text>
    | <Envelope Tagged Text>

<Point Tagged Text> ::= POINT <Point Text>

<LineString Tagged Text> ::= LINESTRING <LineString Text>

<Polygon Tagged Text> ::= POLYGON <Polygon Text>

<MultiPoint Tagged Text> ::= MULTIPOINT <Multipoint Text>

<MultiLineString Tagged Text> ::= MULTILINESTRING <MultiLineString Text>

<MultiPolygon Tagged Text> ::= MULTIPOLYGON <MultiPolygon Text>

<GeometryCollection Tagged Text> ::=GEOMETRYCOLLECTION <GeometryCollection Text>

<Point Text> := EMPTY | <left paren> <Point> <right paren>
<Point> := <x><space><y>
<x> := numeric literal
<y> := numeric literal
<LineString Text> := EMPTY | <left paren> <Point> \{<comma><Point >\}...<right paren>
<Polygon Text> := EMPTY | <left paren><LineString Text>\{<comma><LineString Text> \}...<right paren>
<Multipoint Text> := EMPTY | <left paren><Point Text>\{<comma><Point Text >\}...<right paren>
<MultiLineString Text> := EMPTY | <left paren><LineString Text>\{<comma><LineString Text>\}...<right paren>
<MultiPolygon Text> := EMPTY | <left paren><Polygon Text>\{<comma><Polygon Text>\}...<right paren>
<GeometryCollection Text> := EMPTY | <left paren><Geometry Tagged Text>\{<comma><Geometry Tagged Text>\}...<right paren>
<Envelope Tagged Text> ::= ENVELOPE <Envelope Text>

<Envelope Text> ::= EMPTY |
    <left paren><WestBoundLongitude><comma>
        <EastBoundLongitude><comma>
        <NorthBoundLatitude><comma>
        <SouthBoundLatitude>< <right paren>

<WestBoundLongitude> ::= numeric literal
<EastBoundLongitude> ::= numeric literal
<NorthBoundLatitude> ::= numeric literal
<SouthBoundLatitude> ::= numeric literal

<date-time> ::= <full-date> T <UTC-time>
<full_date> ::= <date-year> <date-month> <date-day>
<date-year> ::= <digit><digit><digit><digit>
<date-month> ::= <digit><digit>
<date-day> ::= <digit><digit>
<UTC-time> ::= <time-hour> : <time-minute> : <time-second> Z
<time-hour> ::= <digit><digit>
<time-minute> ::= <digit><digit>
<time-second> ::= <digit><digit>[.<digit>...]
<duration> ::= P <dur-date> | T<dur-time>
<dur-date> ::= <dur-day> | <dur-month> | <dur-year> [<dur-time>]
<dur-day> ::= <digit>... D
<dur-month> ::= <digit>... M [<dur-day>]
<dur-year> ::= <didit>... Y [<dur-month>]
<dur-time> ::= <dir-hour> | <dur-minute> | <dur-second>
<dur-hour> ::= <digit>... H [<dur-minute>]
<dur-minute> ::= <digit>... M [<dur-second>]
<dur-second> ::= <digit>... S
<period> ::=
    <date-time> / <date-time>
    | <date-time> / <duration>
    | <duration> / <date-time>

Sym

Note

Reference

(info)

extensions

1

(warning)

warning

2

Icon

RELATE is not found in the GeoAPI Filter interfaces.

Design

Module Interface

This diagram presents the module interface. In parser's protocol methods performs the parsing of CQL and builds the the filter.

Module Implementation

The figure shows the principal class in the parser and build process. CQLParser does a top down analysis of the input string and makes the parsing tree using the SimpleNode class. Each time CQLParser builds a node, it  makes a call to CQLCompiler, that implements the semantic actions related and builds the product or subproduct required to make the Filter at the end of the parsing process

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