We have a received a request on geotools-devel to relicense a subset of the codebase under the apache license to facilitate collaboration with the apache sis-dev community.
The code contribution agreement, cited below, clearly allows contributors to continue to reuse and repurpose their own work. As such this proposal is strictly focused on establishing a working relationship with the Apache foundation to facilitate making a subset of the codebase available under a dual license.
The GeoTools project makes use of several apache projects, and is familiar with the requested Apache License.
To meet the above request:
Discussion on this topic has taken place on several geotools email lists:
And the next board meeting:
Related discussion about migrating code between projects and carefully across license changes:
Alternatives shortlisted in email discussion:
This proposal is in up for review:
/* * GeoTools - The Open Source Java GIS Toolkit * http://geotools.org * * (C) 2001-2008, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) * * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; * version 2.1 of the License. * * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU * Lesser General Public License for more details. * * This package contains documentation from OpenGIS specifications. * OpenGIS consortium's work is fully acknowledged here. */
AFTER (using wording of current apache license):
/* * (C) 2013-2015, Apache Foundation * (C) 2001-2012, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) * * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. * You may obtain a copy of the License at * * http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0 * * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and * limitations under the License. * * This package contains documentation from OpenGIS specifications. * OpenGIS consortium's work is fully acknowledged here. */
This initial request is within the limits of the GeoTools code contribution agreement: GeotoolsAssignmentToOSGeo.pdf as detailed in the following sections:
Section II Assignment of Copyright
II. Assignment of Copyright
The Contributor hereby assigns and transfers to the Foundation, to the extent permissible by law, all of Contributor’s right, title, and interest, under copyright law, worldwide and in perpetuity for all material included in any Submission, including without limitation the right to register copyrights for the Submission in the name of the Foundation and to enforce against third parties any copyright interest in the Submission. To the extent that the Contributor is deemed unable to transfer any of these rights in the Submission to the Foundation, the author hereby grants to the Foundation a nonexclusive, perpetual, irrevocable, worldwide, royaltyfree, license to use, copy, prepare derivative works of, publicly display or perform, distribute or license under any terms for any purpose the material.
Section V. Obligations of the Foundation
V. Obligations of the Foundation
The Foundation hereby grants the Contributor the nonexclusive, perpetual, irrevocable, worldwide, royaltyfree, license to use, copy, prepare derivative works of, publicly display or perform, and distribute the Submission.
In the event the Foundation makes the Submission available to third parties, it shall do so only in accordance with the requirements of the bylaws of the Foundation, currently hosted at http://www.osgeo.org/content/foundation/incorporation/bylaws.html. In particular, the portions of the Submission integrated to the core library will be licensed to the third party under a license approved as an open source license by the Open Source Initiative, or any substantially similar license that meets the Open Source Definition or Free Software Definition. The specific license used will be chosen in suitable consultation with the group governing the Project. The portions of the Submission integrated to the Geotools documentation, web site, or other ancillary portions of the Geotools project may be licensed to the third party under any license with suitable terms for such material, including without limitation the GNU Free Documentation License or the Berkeley Software Distribution license. The portions of the Submission integrated into the code tutorials may be licensed to the third party under terms with fewer restrictions including without limitation placing the tutorial code into the public domain.
The Contributor understands that the decision to include the Submission in the Project is entirely that of the Foundation, and the Foundation will not be obligated to make the Submission available as part of the Project. The Foundation acknowledges that, except as explicitly described in this Agreement, the Submission is provided on an “AS IS” BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, ANY WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF TITLE, NON INFRINGEMENT, MERCHANTABILITY, OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
The relative section of the above bylaws of the foundation mentioned above is:
ARTICLE VI Project Steering Committees
Section 6.1. Establishment. The Board of Directors may, by resolution carried with the necessary vote, establish one or more Project Steering Committees consisting of at least one officer or one director of the corporation, who shall be designated the chairperson of such committee, and may include one or more other individuals who may be members of the corporation or other persons who shall be selected by the Board of Directors or the chairperson of the committee based on their individual merit and contributions to the relevant project. Unless elected or appointed as an officer or admitted as a member in accordance with these Bylaws, a member of a Project Steering Committee shall not be deemed an officer or a member of the corporation. The Board of Directors of the corporation may, by resolution carried with the necessary vote, terminate a Project Management Committee at any time. A Project Steering Committee shall not be considered a committee of the Board of Directors. A Project Steering Committee may not have and may not exercise any of the power and authority of the Board of Directors.
Section 6.2. Responsibilities. Each Project Steering Committee shall be responsible for the active management of one or more projects identified by resolution of the Board of Directors which may include, without limitation, the creation or maintenance of open-source software projects. Subject to the direction of the Board of Directors, the chairman of each Project Steering Committee shall be primarily responsible for project(s) managed by such committee, and he or she shall establish rules and procedures for the day to day management of project(s) for which the committee is responsible. In discharging its responsibilities, a Project Steering Committee shall adhere to the policies, procedures and standards approved by the Board of Directors.
Section 6.3. Election and Term. The members of each existing Project Steering Committee shall be appointed by the Board of Directors or appointed by the chairperson of the Project Steering Committee as authorized by the Board of Directors. Each member of a Project Steering Committee shall serve on such committee until his or her successor is elected and qualified or until his or her earlier resignation or removal.
Section VII. Assignment of Agreement
VII. Assignment of Agreement
In the event the Foundation assigns to a third party any of the rights in or to the Submissions that were assigned to the Foundation by Contributor hereunder, Foundation shall also assign the obligations of this Agreement with respect to such Submissions.
I'm Martin Desruisseaux, a former GeoTools 2 contributor and now a developer of the Geotoolkit.org project (http://www.geotoolkit.org).
Geotoolkit.org is a fork of GeoTools 2.6 followed by 4 years of developments. The project contains two parts: "core" and "pending". Our proposal is to begin with the "core" part, which include material derived from the following GeoTools 2.6 modules:
In 2008 those modules were written (according SVN history) at 95% by myself, Geomatys or IRD institute. The remaining 5% were written by other GeoTools contributors. To my knowledge, everyone signed the copyright assignment on http://download.osgeo.org/osgeo/legal/ which grants copyright to OSGeo. However because the GeoTools community may have vested interest in this re-licensing decision, I wish to ask on this mailing list.
I would like to emphases that this is not a demand for relicensing current GeoTools, but only relicensing of the GeoTools 2.6 code from which "Geotidy" (the Geotoolkit.org precursor) is derived, which is 4 years old. If the community accepts to grant us the permission to relicense 100% of Geotoolkit.org "core", that would be truly appreciated. But in case of bjection, we are willing to rewrite the 5% of "core" code which was not written by myself, Geomatys or IRD.
It the community accepts re-licensing, this would allows Apache SIS to gain services they are currently missing, allows Geotoolkit.org code base to gain a community, and possibly allows the GeoTools project to gain a metadata and referencing library maintained by a trusted foundation, which could complete or replace the current referencing module as GeoTools wish. The Geotk referencing module got 4 years of extensive development since our departure, and has capabilities which are - to my knowledge - unique in the open source world.
Two weeks ago, we posted a request to the GeoTools PMC asking permission to re-license portions of GeoTools 2.6. However since that time, we reformulated our demand as a request to the OSGeo board to state whatever the Contributor's rights, which is granted "perpetual, irrevocable, worldwide, royaltyfree, license to use, copy, prepare derivative works of, publicly display or perform, and distribute the Submission", include the right to re-license his own code. Adrian Custer, who wrote the Copyright Assignment together with a Lawyer, confirmed us very clearly that the intend was to give unrestricted rights to the contributor over his own code, including re-licensing, providing that all other contributions are removed. This is also the right of those who signed the Contributor Agreement instead than the Copyright Assignment.
The OSGeo board is expected to take a decision in their meeting scheduled August 9. If the OSGeo vote is positive, then we would like to withdrawn our request to the GeoTools PMC. We decided to re-license only the code that we wrote, with all other contributions omitted or rolled back. Of course the procedure can continue if the GeoTools community still wants to examine the question, but it could be driven as a procedure independent of our current request.