Allow redirection to alternate logging API


Andrea Aime Martin Desruisseaux



You are debugging GeoTools, in a J2EE application, do you know where your logs are?


GeoTools currently uses Java Logging directly and allows for redirection to other logging systems using a handler, CommonHandler, redirecting log statements to commons logging, but not allowing to control the log level accurately. The downsides of this approach are discussed in these two threads:

The proposal here is to extend the org.geotools.util.Logging class with the following method:

public class Logging { 
   * Convinience method that redirects the call to the current log factory
  public static Logger getLogger(String name);

And provide a global configuration option to change the kind of Logger produced:

public class GeoTools {
   * Sets a logger factory. By default GeoTools starts using the Java logging.
   public void setLoggerFactory(LoggerFactory factory);

Where the LoggerFactory interface generates the user desired Logger:

public interface LoggerFactory {
  public Logger getLogger(String name);

This factory class will return the most appropriate Logger implementation depending on the redirection set up:

In order to have the above work, all GeoTools classes will have to switch to use org.geotools.util.Logging.getLogger(name) (this can be done by performing a search and replace on files). Applications depending on GeoTools will be able to use the same redirection mechanism.

The initial implementation will introduce two log factories:

Users are then free to add their own redirection factories mimicking the code provided in CommonsLogger.Factory and Log4JLogger.Factory


This proposal is ready for discussion.




no progress






lack mandate/funds/time


volunteer needed

GeoTools 2.5 and 2.4:

API Changes


This example shows how redirection to Log4J is setup and how logging is used.
The example talks about commons logging, but since commons logging by default can redirect to java logging (no point in doing that) or to Log4J, we assume that commons logging is really used to redirect logging to Log4J.

// on gt2 startup

// generic java class
import java.util.logging.logger;
private static final Logger LOGGER = Logger.getLogger("org.geotools.rendering");


// on gt2 startup
Logging.setLogFactory(new Log4JLogFactory());

// generic gt2 class
import java.util.logging.Logger;
import org.geotools.util.Logging;
private static final Logger LOGGER = Logging.getLogger("org.geotools.rendering");

Documentation Changes