The Jikes RVM runtime environment implements a variety of services which a Java application relies upon for correct execution. The services include:

The requirement for many of these runtime services is clearly visible in language primitives such as new(), throw() and in java.lang and APIs such as, System.println(), etc. Unlike conventional Java APIs which merely modify the state of Java objects created by the Java application, implementation of these primitives requires interaction with and modification of the platform (hardware and system software) on which the Java application is being executed.